International Conference on 

Integrity and Lifetime in Extreme Environment 





Yakutsk is the capital city of the Republic Sakha (Yakutia), Russia and one of the oldest and coldest cities of Siberia. It is situated on the Lena River.

It used to be a small wooden fort built in 1632 by Russian Cossacks who were exploring Siberia. Nowadays it is a big city with the population of more than 300,000 people. 

The city was built on permafrost, a layer of frozen soil hundreds of meters deep which never melts. Most of the constructions are on stilts so that the heat from the buildings does not melt the layers below.

In the winter Yakutsk is shrouded in “habitation” fog, brought about when the air is so cold that hot air from houses, people and cars cannot rise. In winter temperature falls below -40C. But you can enjoy visiting one of the museums or theatres of Yakutsk.

Major attractions include the Natural History Museum, that covers the history of the region, both of man and of flora and fauna, the University Museum of Archeology and Ethnography, the Museum of Mammoth, the Fine Arts Museum.